The range of backgrounds “represents a break with custom”, said the BBC’s David Willey in Rome.
Pope Francis has now chosen close to a third of the College of Cardinals who will ultimately pick who succeeds him.
The new cardinals come from countries including the Central African Republic, Bangladesh, Papua New Guinea and Mauritius, among others.
During the ceremony, Pope Francis decried what he said was a “growing animosity” between people, and raised concern over those who “raise walls, build barriers and label people”.
“We live at a time in which polarisation and exclusion are burgeoning and considered the only way to resolve conflicts,” he said.
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